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INTRODUCTION
TO FILIPINO
LANGUAGE


        

FILIPINO
LANGUAGE
ALPHABET




BASIC
SENTENCE
IN FILIPINO




COMMON GREETINGS
IN FILIPINO




FOLKTALES AND OTHER STORIES




FILIPINO-JAPANESE WORD LIST





bahay

THE FILIPINO ALPHABET


The new Filipino alphabet has 28 letters.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N
Ñ NG O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Eight letters were added from the old Tagalog alphabet of 15 consonants (katinig) and 5 vowels (patinig). It is read just like the English alphabet except for the letter Ñ which is read enye.

The additional 8 letters C, F, J, Ñ, Q, V, X, Z are used for foreign words.

A. PRONUNCIATION

Vowel Sounds

The 5 vowel sounds are a, e, i, o, u.
Pronunciation is similar to Spanish or Italian vowels.

(a) sound anak
ako
apat
aso
child
me
four
dog
(e) sound Enero
eroplano
edad
petsa
January
airplane
age
date
(i) sound ibon
ilaw
ina
ikot
bird
light
mother
turn
(o) sound oo
opo
oras
oro
yes
yes (polite form)
time
ore
(u) sound ulo
ulam
ubi
ulit
head
food
yam
repeat


Consonant Sounds

The following are 15 consonant sounds and their examples.


Stops, Voiceless
p, t, k, '
pato
tao
kilay
bata'
dove
person
eyebrow
child
Voiced
b, d, g
baba
daga
gulay
chin
rat
vegetable
Fricatives, Voiceless
s, h
sama
himig
join
tune
Nasals, Voiced
m, n, g
mapa
nayon
ngipin
map
village
teeth
Laterals, Voiced
l
lapis
ulo
pencil
head
Flap, Voiced
r
relo
rosas
clock
rose
Semi-vowel, Voiced
w, y
wika
yelo
language
ice


B. STRESS


Vowel Sounds

There are three basic stresses in Filipino. The stress goes on the first syllable for words with two syllables, stress on the second syllable for words with three syllables and stress on the third syllable for words with four or more syllables.

Stress on
First Syllable
áso
gábi
túbo
sáya
dáhon
dog
taro
pipe
skirt
leaf
Stress on
Second Syllable
babáe
laláki
maáyos
maláyo
malápit
girl
boy
neat
far
near
Stress on
Third Syllable
kabatáan
pamahíin
binabása
nalulúngkot
natatákot
youth
tradition
reading
lonely
afraid


In some words, however, a shift in stress results in a difference of meaning.

Stress on
First Syllable
Stress on
Second Syllable
sáya (skirt)
túbo (pipe)
gábi (yam)
búkas (tomorrow)
bálat (birthmark)
sayá (happy)
tubó (sugarcane)
gabí (night)
bukás (open)
balát (skin)



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